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Frederick John Widgery - artist and Mayor

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The son of William Widgery, who had made a name for himself as a self taught artist, Frederick John Widgery not only became an artist of some repute, but he became a prominent and active councillor and Mayor of Exeter. Born in May 1861, he attended the Exeter Cathedral School where he showed his father's aptitude for art. He went on to the Exeter School of Art and then the South Kensington Museum School before travelling to Antwerp to study under Charles Verlat at the National Art School. Upon his return to England, Widgery studied at Professor Hubert von Herkomer's School at Bushey in Hertfordshire.

Now, with a thorough grounding in painting, he started his career in London in 1889, only to return to Exeter in 1890, to make his way as an artist. He lived at 11 Howell Road and established his studio at 20 Queen Street, close to the modern entrance to Habitat opposite the, by now, flourishing Royal Albert Memorial Museum which incorporated the School of Art.

Widgery soon became involved in many local institutions including the Rotary Club, and as a member of the 1st Devon and Somerset Royal Engineer Volunteers he rose to Captain. He was first elected to the city council in 1898, and after just 5 years, was unanimously elected mayor in November 1903. This was an exciting time for the city, with the planning and construction of a new bridge over the Exe, and new electricity generating station to power a new electric tram system. The adoption of FJ as the city's motor car registration letters, which Frederick John was never slow to point out, was always thought to be in homage to Widgery, but it was alas, a coincidence which has acquired the status of popular myth.

After his year as Mayor, he was made a Freeman of the City on 11th March 1905, and an Alderman in 1909. He was chairman of the Town Planning Committee until 1938, and as such, was instrumental in many of the initiatives that were taken in town planning, including inviting the Cities and Town Planning Exhibition to Exeter in 1911. One of the outcomes was the formation of the Exeter Pictorial Record Society, also in 1911, to record and preserve a pictorial record of the city as it underwent modernisation. Among the many photographs and other images of the city, are a set of drawings presented by Widgery to the Society.

As a painter, Widgery enjoyed considerable success, and is best remembered for his watercolours of Dartmoor, Exmoor and the Devon coastline. Widgery supplied the Samual Coombs Gallery in London with many gouche watercolours. His reputation spread to America, Australia and other places overseas, and even now, there is a healthy trade for his paintings. He had six paintings exhibited at the Royal Institute of Oil Painters, five at the Royal Academy and three at the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. A watercolour of Dartmoor, painted in 1925 was used by the GWR as a poster entitled, 'Glorious Devon'.

After a full life devoted to painting and public service, F J Widgery died on 27th January 1942 at the age of 81.

F J Widgery 1901 F J Widgery in 1901 - courtesy of the Devon Library Local Studies Service GWR poster from 1925 The 1925 GWR poster.

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